Christian century


Christian missionaries arrive in Japan
切支丹; 吉利支丹 kirishitan

D 275 273
Francis Xavier evangelises in Kagoshima

Christianity was introduced by Francis Xavier / Francisco de Xavier, a Jesuit missionary arriving in Japan in 1549. Oda Nobunaga favored the Europeans and tolerated the religion to be spread throughout the country by Catholic missionaries especially from Spain and Portugal. In 1612 the Tokugawa shogunate totally banned Christianity and ordered the foreigners to leave the country. Missionaries who continued their work undercover were later executed. In 1637 at Shimabara, Christian farmers who had been groaning under heavy taxation raised a large scale revolt. It was put a year later and the government prompted to sever contacts with the West - except for some Dutch merchants.

J 250 118
Francis Xavier
memorial - arrival in August 1549
Kagoshima City
Azuchi-Momoyama period / history
J 206 233
Francis Xavier
Xavier bust in St. Mary's Cathedral
Azuchi-Momoyama period / history
J 250 120
Francis Xavier
memorial - August 1549
Kagoshima  (2)
Azuchi-Momoyama period / history

J 217 173
Francis Xavier
Portuguese sailing ship (16th century) - world exhibition in Lissabon / Portugal
Azuchi-Momoyama period / history